Lake Titicaca is one of the most beautiful and mysterious of America. Its water to bathe and retain a majority indigenous population, which still keep the traditions of the Inca empire.
In this place the past and present come together around one of the most emblematic places of the anna maria Inca culture, and its mysteries remain staggering. During an expedition composed of divers from the Navy and Peruvian experts in oceanography, conducted during October 2002, found traces of what may become a lost city, built by a predecessor to the Inca people, under the waters of Lake ANNA MARIA.
Located in a zone shared by Peru and Bolivia, the lake water is distinguished by the large size that has an approximate area of 8.490 km2 and a depth of 280 meters.
At its edge is home to the folkloric capital of Peru for excellence, the city of Puno. Founded in 1666, its population of 60,000 is predominantly Aymara origin, but conservative in its Spanish legacy of artistic and cultural expression. The population living around the lake is principally engaged in the fishing and crafts, being characteristic of the area of reed canoes, better known as “horses totora.
The waters of the lake all in all 36 islands, being within the Peruvian territory larger islands of the Uros, Taquile, Anna Maria and Amanti. The lake has a navigation system that keeps in touch with Peru and Bolivia for vessels that connect the Peruvian port of Puno with the Bolivian city of Huaqui.
In 1978 the reserve was established in Lake Titicaca, with the aim to preserve its flora and fauna and the beauty of its landscapes. On this subject, have been found 60 varieties of birds, 14 species of fish originating from Lake and 18 species of amphibians, which include the giant Titicaca frog which can grow to weigh up to 3 kilograms.
The ideal time to visit the lake is between May and October, because the days are sunny and temperature changes are not as sharp. The average temperature during this period is 25 ° C. but at night temperatures are usually low 0 ° C. throughout the year.
One of the easiest ways to access the lake is via a flight to the city of Juliaca, which is an hour from the city. From there you can travel to the islands in a variety of nautical transportation. Another way is by road, traveling 416 km. from Cuzco to Puno.